Iranian Oil ,Gas and Petrochemical Products Exporters' Union

China launches world’s biggest carbon trading scheme but analysts cautious

China launches world’s biggest carbon trading scheme but analysts cautious
China has launched the world’s largest carbon market in what analysts say is a cautious and limited attempt by the planet’s biggest polluter to cut carbon dioxide emissions.
Buying and selling of greenhouse gas allowances as part of China’s national emissions trading scheme began yesterday at the Shanghai Environment and Energy Exchange. Within the first half-hour, the price per tonne of carbon dioxide equivalent rose from Rmb48 at market open to nearly Rmb53, nearing the daily 10 per cent upper limit, after 160 kilotonnes were traded at a total value of Rmb7.9m ($1.2m), Chinese state media reported. But analysts warned that oversupply, a limited scope and no cap on total emissions meant the scheme was unlikely to assume immediately its intended “central role” in achieving China’s goal of reaching peak carbon emissions by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2060. Only China’s energy sector is included in trading this year. Other polluting sectors, such as steel and cement, are expected to be added in future cycles. Even so, due to China’s reliance on coal-fired power, the 2,225 sites covered this year account for about 40 per cent of the country’s total CO2 emissions. The total volume of greenhouse gas output covered in the scheme is about 15 per cent of global emissions or about three times the amount covered by the EU’s scheme, which had previously been the world’s largest. China’s trading scheme will at first hand out allowances to companies for free, rather than a portion being sold by auction, as is common practice in most mature carbon markets. “If there is no move away from free allocations, it seems inevitable that the market will have marginal if any impact towards decarbonising,” said Matt Gray, co-chief executive of TransitionZero, a London-based financial research group. Analysis by TransitionZero released in April found that China’s emissions trading scheme was oversupplied by 1.56bn tonnes of CO2 from 2019 to 2020, equivalent to a year’s worth of EU ETS emissions, making it unlikely that trading would result in a high carbon price. The market will also at first use a measure of carbon intensity rather than following the EU, Californian or Canadian markets to adopt a “cap and trade” system, where emissions allowances are based on a single industry-wide quota. In China, permitted emissions levels will be calculated relative to output and vary by the type of power plant. The EU’s ETS faced similar oversupply until about 2016 when it introduced market reforms to remove surplus inventory. In recent months, EU carbon prices have reached new highs, nearing €60 a tonne as the EU hopes to cut emissions by 55 per cent by 2030. “The Chinese are just doing what the Europeans did for the first phase of the ETS, which is to treat it as a trial phase where the rules are relaxed to get buy-in from companies,” Gray said. Additional reporting by Emma Zhou in Beijing
Jul 17, 2021 15:13
financial times |

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The section of oil, gas and petro-chemistry is the up-most and first industrial vantage of the country and the pivot of the Economy of Iran. Regarding the importance of this section and the need for coordinating and organizing the most active people in the field of production and exporting oil ,gas, and petrochemical products ,some forethoughtful and job- makers in the private section of the country decided to come together to fight against the threats by using the opportunity of mass intelligence and potentials.